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Bruises for no reason: why the vessels on the body burst

Of course, a subcutaneous hemorrhage or a bruise on the body and may look ugly and cause aesthetic discomfort. If this is an isolated situation, then, as a rule, there is nothing to worry about. If the situation repeats itself: bruising occurs in different places and, perhaps, there are complaints about other organs and systems (for example, pain in the heart, joints), then you should figure out why the vessels on the legs or body burst, as this may be a manifestation one of the more serious diseases.

Causes of intradermal hemorrhages

Domestic injury

Living in time trouble, a person is constantly in a hurry somewhere and sometimes does not notice how, in the course of his actions, he receives some minor injuries, bruises. There is a direct causal relationship in this: trauma – damaged / burst blood vessels on the legs – a bruise. There will be no injuries – there will be no hemorrhages.


With this disease, moderate venous hypertension is created in the superficial venous system due to valvular incompetence and the formation of blood stasis in the veins. Along with this, there is already an overstretched, swollen vein (varix – from the Latin swelling), the wall of which becomes thinner (analogy: the more we inflate the balloon, the more likely it is to burst), at some point it does not withstand and bursts. Therefore, if a vein in the temple, leg or body is swollen, then it is necessary to contact a vascular surgeon / phlebologist. And already, together with the doctor, plan treatment – from a simple lifestyle modification to surgery to remove large veins.

Non-physiological loads

A modern girl can walk or stand in high heels for 8-10 hours a day, which, in turn, leads to a significant weakening of the mechanisms of venous blood outflow and an increase in venous pressure, hypertension in the legs. This may contribute to bruising. The best solution in this situation is to refuse heels or at least reduce the duration of wearing them, increase the volume of dynamic load, which also helps venous outflow.

Taking hormonal preparations containing female sex hormones (including oral contraceptives)
The reason for the appointment of hormonal drugs may be banal contraception, treatment of gynecological, dermatological or other groups of diseases. The composition of these drugs includes female sex hormones, which, in addition to regulating the cycle, the formation of secondary sexual characteristics in women, also affect the vascular system: they provoke bruises on the legs, the vessels become brittle, their elasticity decreases, and the diameter of the veins increases. The decision to cancel, replace the drug and treat increased vascular fragility is made only after a full-time examination of the patient and familiarization with the medical history. In this case, gynecologists, vascular surgeons / phlebologists are engaged in therapy.

Condition after respiratory infections

Most viruses (influenza, parainfluenza, coronavirus infection, SARS) are tropic to vascular structures, and after a person has been ill with one of them, bruises may appear on the body that were not there before. In this situation, the body needs to be given time to recover, you can also include in the diet foods rich in vitamin C (citrus fruits, kiwi, wild rose, sea buckthorn, blackcurrant, parsley, broccoli, sweet red pepper, sauerkraut, etc.), vitamin P ( citrus fruits, buckwheat, black currants, rose hips, raspberries, tomatoes, beets, red bell peppers, asparagus, plums, etc.). It is possible to take synthetic analogues of these drugs, but before that, a visit to the doctor is required.


A group of diseases that is accompanied by inflammation of the vascular wall, and sometimes its increased permeability and fragility.

Vasculitis is divided into several types:

Primary – an independent process in the vascular system, and not a consequence of the pathology of other organs. The group of primary vasculitis accompanied by bruising includes: Wegener’s granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, microscopic polyangiitis, Schonlein-Henoch purpura, hypersensitivity vasculitis, cryoglobulinemic vasculitis, Beh├žet’s disease, vasculitis in rheumatic diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Shegren), etc. In such cases, the etiotropic therapy of pathology, that is, the treatment of the underlying cause, is handled by a rheumatologist, and vascular surgeons / phlebologists, cardiologists, dermatologists help treat the consequences of the disease.
Secondary – there is another disease (oncological or infectious genesis), against which hemorrhages appear on the skin. One example is vasculitis against the background of an exacerbation of viral hepatitis. This also includes the previously mentioned respiratory infections. With effective treatment of the underlying disease, bruising on the body disappears.